Node.js vs PHP: Combat of programming languages for server-side development!

Node.JS vs PHP

Being well-versed with advanced technological features, a never-ending discussion also arises about the Node.js and PHP. Howbeit, these two platforms are capable enough for developing back-end application but still developers can be confused which platform they should opt.
But, more importantly, they do not need to choose any language without exploring its scope and market preference. Here, we have a slight comparison in between, Node.js and PHP. This will assist you to understand what they are actually and how you can go with them.

Node.js is an open source, JavaScript runtime environment which is used to run server-side code whereas PHP is a server-side scripting language.
Although Node.js and PHP both are the best web development platforms. But, to select the perfect one is your choice. In this blog, we will describe some differences of Node.js and PHP and for which purposes it is better to choose Node.js or PHP.

Let’s have a look at some differences between Node.js vs PHP:

Based on the Frameworks

By using the perfect framework, it becomes very easy to create the server part. Framework is very useful to write the less code, easy to scale projects, and accelerate the development process through encouraging the modern development or functional programming practices.

Node. JS:

The most popular framework for Node.Js are Sails.js, Koa.js, Total.js, hapi, and Express.js. These Node.js development frameworks are used to organize the application according to the Model-View-Controller model, which uses the same data at distinct levels of development process to make it easier for teamwork.

PHP:

There are enormous frameworks which PHP include such as Symfony, Laravel, CakePHP, and Slim. According to their preference and experience with different solutions, developer can choose any framework for PHP web development.

Based on the Node.js vs PHP Performance

This is the major area where developer can feel confused while choosing the one of the best languages. There is a huge competition between these Node.js environment and PHP language which will perform better.

1) Code-compilation performance

Node.JS:

Node.js uses Just-in-time compilation strategy with the V8 JavaScript engine. This strategy increases the startup time a little and proves the best for dynamically typed languages.

PHP:

PHP uses an interpreted compilation strategy that leads to less optimized code execution than a JIT. Now, PHP has come with HACK & HHVM open source run-time alternative with Node.js as HHVM uses a JIT compilation approach to achieve better performance.

2) Multitasking performance:

Node.js:

Node.js uses no-blocking event loop which utilized single thread so, it is super efficient to handle multiple concurrent requests. By this way, it performs multitasking within a short spam of time.

PHP:

PHP uses blocking process, because of this, PHP depends on multiple threads process to serve the web services request. If there is a heavy lifting done at user side and they put multiple requests then to access those request, server can run out of resources which can create delays in HTTP response to the client-side. Though it has been rectified these days, as PHP uses NGINX and Apache server to improve the PHP multitasking performance to some extent.

Based on the benchmark

Many user has done some performance benchmark testing on Node.js Vs PHP.

1.) Easy HTTP Communication

HTTP Communication

Checkout the image and see the benchmark of performance result

This request is controlled by “Helloworld” benchmark uses PHP version5 with enabled OPcache.

All the tests are performed by Apache ab benchmarking tool

In this test result, you can check that the performance of PHP is less than of Node.js but performance of HHVM is better than ZendPHP and very close to Node.js.

2.) HTTP + CPU tasks

http-cpu-task

We are sharing some bubble-sort benchmark which uses Zend PHP 5.5.7 with OPcache enabled. If PHP depletes the available PHP process pool then response time degrades quickly. In this scenario, the HVVM performance is always similar to node.js if it sorts less elements like 1,000 or more. But with 10,000 sort element, Node.js performs twice as fast HHVM.

Based on CONTEXT SWITCHES

If developer used different syntax for writing the code then there is a need of context switching. Modification between multiple coding languages takes to drop in the ability of the programmer.

Node.js:

We know that Node.js is written in JavaScript which is used for both client-side as well as server-side. JavaScript stack such as MERN & MEAN uses only one language that is JavaScript and syntax are same for both of them. Thus, there is no need to switch the between languages.

PHP:

To write the backend code in PHP developer continuously switches between distinct syntax and languages. This is because PHP is primarily used as a part of LAMP stack which includes PHP for server side code, Linux and MySQL for database. All of these have different syntax. Thus, user needs to switch the language to adapt the features of LAMP.

Let’s have a look at this table to know some facts about Node.js and PHP

Features NodeJS PHP
First Appeared 2009 1995
License MIT License PHP License
OS MacOS, Linux, IBM AIX, Free BSD, MS Windows Windows, Unix-Like
Language C, C++, JavaScript C as a primary language, Some components in C++
Developers Joyent Zend technologies, The PHP development team
Typing Run-time environment Dynamic, weak
Contributors 1488 485
Website Nodejs.org php.net
Database NoSQL, CouchDB, Graph database system & Mongo DB MySQL, PostgreSQL, MariaDB,
Module PEARL and Composer NPM(Node Package Manager)
CMS Ghost, Pencilblue, Apostrophe2, enduro.js Opencart, PrestaShop, Magento, Joomla,
RestAPI Loopback, Restify HTTPFUL, Guzzle, RestClient

Conclusion:

To conclude, we can say that both language is better and it is up to you which you choose for developing any web and mobile application. But the major things which is really need to follow all the developer that is to adapt the new technologies. As in this digital world, every week a new upgradation is come in existing technology or a new technology may come.

In some cases PHP is good as it is easy to learn and popular and it supports a significant amount of professional programming technologies. And in some case, Node.js is very useful in creating very efficient apps and once the code is cached, the only thing that keeps transferring is data. If you are planning to develop any app then you may hire CSSChopper as the best web development company. Our team is experienced in Node.js development and PHP programming who will help you in developing the attractive and fascinating website.

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