Ultimate Guide to Full Stack Web Development

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Full Stack Web Development

A lot of confusion is there surrounding the full-stack web development domain. In fact, many people confuse full-stack development with either front-end development or back-end development. However, full-stack development is a combination of both. The diversity in technology needs and complexities is the reason why full stack web development is becoming very popular. 

Today, some technology stacks are at the forefront of web development and dominate, while others have limited usage. So, if you want front-end development, you can choose AngularJS development services, pick ReactJS, or any other similar framework. But if you’re going to work on both the front-end and back-end side, then only a full-stack developer can help you.  

What is Full-stack Development, and Who is a Full-stack Developer?

In the literal sense, the term ‘full-stack’ embraces everything required to develop, test, and deploy a web application. It means full-stack embraces every aspect of web development, whether creating UIs with front-end development or back-end programming. A full-stack developer is a professional web developer who has expertise in both front-end and back-end development. 

As websites have become indispensable for businesses today, the need for economical and quality web development is arising. Hiring two different professionals for developing a website is neither cost-effective nor perfect for quality results. So, instead of choosing two professionals, hiring full-stack developers is more beneficial.   

The below image shows a lot about the eminence of full-stack development:

FullStack

Source-Hackernoon

The Expertise and Skills of a Full-stack Developer 

A full-stack developer possesses every type of skill. It means he must know all intricacies of web development, including front-end and back-end technologies, and beyond. The full-stack developer is supposed to be acquainted with many technologies. We will discuss a few of them here one by one. We will begin by exploring the fundamental technologies.

So, let’s dive in!

FullStack

Front-end Technologies & Frameworks

HTML, CSS, & JavaScript

HTML, CSS, & JavaScript are the fundamental technologies of the web. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) are the foundation of every website. While HTML allows developers to define the structure and layout of a site, CSS helps to stylize the content. CSS provides a certain look and feel to a website. Further, JavaScript provides functionality to a website; it tells a button what to do when clicked and so on. 

A full-stack developer is well-versed in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript technologies. TypeScript is also his forte for web development services. Besides this, jQuery, Bootstrap, Tailwind CSS, etc., are also essential technologies.

Front-end Frameworks

To be adept at front-end frameworks and their concepts requires a robust understanding of foundational technologies like JavaScript. Let’s take a look at some of the trending front-end development frameworks.

Angular

It is a prevalent front-end development framework that allows developers to build web applications in HTML and JavaScript/TypeScript. It offers dependency injection, declarative templates, end-to-end tooling, along with the best development practices to solve challenges. 

Angular uses TypeScript, and AngularJS works with JavaScript programming language. Businesses are willing to choose AngularJS development company to build their web applications because the popularity of this framework is undisputed. Read more to know why AngularJS is the best web framework to develop web apps for businesses. Some popular web applications that use Angular include Gmail, Microsoft Office Online, PayPal, Upwork, and more.

React

React is another popular web framework that helps in creating interactive and attractive web apps. React.js is a JavaScript library that enables developers to create interactive UIs. React is an entirely component-based framework and allows the creation of custom components that can be used for making complex UIs. 

It is pretty helpful in creating powerful single-page applications. React provides virtual DOM that makes DOM manipulation faster and easier. React can be used on both the client-side and server-side. A ReactJS web development company can be the right choice for developing efficient and reliable web applications for your business.

Both Angular and React are two very popular front-end web development frameworks. And, their popularity also often makes it challenging for businesses to pick the right framework for their web app development projects. A comprehensive comparison of Angular vs ReactJS can help choose the best framework for a web app project.  

Besides Angular and React.js, there are many other top-end frameworks like Vue.js, Ember.js, Express.js, but two are the most trending frameworks. 

Back-end Technologies

A full-stack developer is apprised of the latest back-end technologies such as databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, and more. Further, the developer also knows how to deal with NoSQL or SQL-based databases. However, back-end frameworks are the top-notch technologies that simplify and expedite back-end development. The following are some top back-end frameworks that full-stack developers use to build dynamic web apps.

Node.js

NodeJS is a JavaScript-based web development technology, and it embraces the complete back-end development environment. Node.js is a cross-platform and open-source run time environment for JavaScript-based applications. In short, NodeJS offers an environment that allows the deployment and execution of JavaScript apps. 

NodeJS development services are now a sought-after solution for many businesses that want to create robust web applications. Node.js is popular because of its scalability, speed, and product attributes and the fact that it uses the same language (JavaScript) for both front-end and back-end coding.  

PHP

PHP is a popular server-side scripting language that is widely used for developing dynamic websites and web applications. PHP is one of the core skills of a full-stack developer.

Ruby on Rails 

It is a popular web framework to develop top-notch web applications. It works with the Ruby programming language and allows the creation of dynamic web apps with excellent features and benefits.

Besides these skills, a full-stack developer has skills in Django framework, HTTP & Rest API, and more. 

What are the Popular Full-stack Technology Stacks? 

Many technologies play a crucial role in full-stack development, and they are from different dimensions of web development. Since full-stack development deals with both front-end and back-end aspects, a tech stack is needed to give that complete control. So, MEAN and MERN have emerged as two very popular tech stacks for full-stack development. Let’s talk about them in detail.

MEAN Stack

MEAN is a tech stack of four major technologies: MongoDB, Express.js, Angular, and Node.js. It is the most popular tech stack which is used to develop a myriad of web applications. In recent times, MEAN stack development services have emerged as the most popular choice for developing web applications for businesses. This tech stack’s technologies help developers work on both the front-end and back-end parts of a web application and create a dynamic solution. 

Benefits of MEAN Stack Development

  • Cost-effective
  • Highly flexible
  • Open-source
  • Switching between client and server is easy
  • Time-saving
  • Best for real-time web apps

MERN Stack

There are significant similarities between MEAN and MERN except for the ‘A’ and ‘R’ parts of MEAN and MERN. Actually, in MERN, the Angular framework is replaced by React.js. So, MERN includes MongoDB, Express.js, React.js, and Node.js technologies. It offers excellent full-stack development possibilities. React uses Virtual DOM and JavaScript XML that work and implement changes seamlessly. MERN stack web development services have become a popular choice because of their performance-oriented approach and flexibility. 

Benefits of MERN Stack

  • Cost-effective
  • Open-source
  • UI rendering and performance
  • Switching between client and server is easy

Both MEAN and MERN have their advantages that challenge businesses to pick the right tech stack. MEAN vs MERN stack is a confusion that many businesses want to get rid of. However, it is essential to know which one between the MEAN vs MERN stack is best for developing web applications. 

Advantages of Full-stack Web Development

Now let’s figure out how choosing a full stack web development company can benefit your business. The following benefits of full stack development illuminate the need for full stack development.

Versatility 

You get versatility in terms of both technologies and skills. Indeed, a full-stack developer is well-versed in diverse front-end and back-end technologies and has skills in specific technologies. A front-end developer can use frameworks like AngularJS, ReactJS, etc., to develop website UIs. And a backend developer can work with databases, connect websites with CMS, and set up a back-end environment. However, a full-stack developer can carry out all these operations with high accuracy and convenience. 

Timely Delivery

Full-stack developers are great team players; they can coordinate with others and develop the best solutions according to client requirements. No room for confusion between teams when you hire web developer

Unique Codes 

The front-end developer you hire will create some code, and the back-end developer you hire creates another piece of code. They need to work in complete harmony and coordination to make the correct code work together as a web application. However, having complete knowledge of both front-end and back-end, a full stack developer will create unique codes that will work perfectly with every aspect. 

Let’s Wrap Up!

Full-stack development has become a beneficial solution for businesses to build a myriad of web solutions cost-effectively and efficiently. A full-stack developer possesses all the skills that help in developing, testing, and deploying web applications. This ultimate guide to full-stack web development is beneficial for understanding the significance of full-stack development. A MEAN stack development company or the MERN development services can be the choice to develop a perfect web application for a business taking advantage of full-stack development.

Frequently Asked Questions

What qualities should a full-stack web developer have?

A full stack web developer has multiple qualities to stay competitive. Here are some highlights of his qualities. 

  • Development languages like PHP, ROR, JavaScript, etc.
  • Front-end technology
  • Database and cache
  • Server skills
  • Ability to work with APIs
  • Understanding of the Version Controlling System (VCS)

What is the full stack web development definition?

Full stack web development deals with every aspect of web development and offers complete solutions from creating, testing, to deploying a web app. A full-stack developer has to be well-versed in multiple technologies of the front-end and backend side of web development. 

Why should you choose full-stack web development for your project?

Full-stack covers the complete range of web development and the full-stack developer has expertise in a wide range of technologies. So, they have the needed skills and knowledge to help you to develop every aspect of a web application be it the front-end or backend. It is a cost-effective and efficient way for web development as a single type of developer will be working on your project and no switching from front-end to backend is required. 

 

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31 May 2021
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